Copyright and Plagiarism
Copyright and Plagiarism Guidelines for Students
1. You may make a single photocopy of any materials you need to do your schoolwork, or for your own personal research. You may keep the copies you make as long as you like, but you may not sell them, nor may you make copies of your copies.
2. You must respect the copyright of the materials you use. Only the creators or the persons or companies who own the copyright may make copies of the material, except as noted above. You may not modify or change the material, nor may you perform or display the material except in conjunction with class work.
3. You may use copyrighted material to do your schoolwork, but if you use an author's ideas you must give the author credit, either in the text or in a footnote. If you use an author's words, you must put the words in quotation marks or other indication of direct quotation. Failure to give credit to the author is plagiarism. If you use an extensive amount of a single work, you must obtain permission.
4. Use of copyrighted materials outside of regular class work requires written permission of the copyright holder. This includes graphic material such as cartoon characters on posters or other spirit or decorative matter.
5. You may not copy computer software from the school computers.
6. Information received from the school computers may be used only for regular schoolwork or personal research.
7. The source of any information used in your schoolwork should be acknowledged in the format prescribed by the teacher. Use of another's intellectual work without attribution is plagiarism, as outlined in the Student Code of Conduct.
Simpson, Carol. Copyright for Schools, 3rd Edition. OH: Linworth, 2001
How Can This Student Avoid the Dreaded P?
Plagiarism! What is it? Why is it bad? How can it be prevented?
Plagiarism as defined in The Random House College Dictionary, Revised Edition, page1014 is...
"1. the appropriation or imitation of the language, ideas, and thoughts of another author, and the representation of them as one¹s original work. 2.something appropriated and presented in this manner."
In other words, the use of someone else's work is plagiarism or in plain words it is stealing.
Stealing? Yes, that is why plagiarism is considered to be so bad. Whenever you take something that is not yours, whenever you "borrow" something without permission, that is stealing. In college, plagiarism is considered a major crime that gets the plagiarizer a low mark in the course, or at some schools the plagiarizer is asked to leave school (thrown out of school).
How can this be prevented? By giving credit to the author whose words and thoughts you used in your work. Even if the author's thoughts were rewritten into your words, the ideas are still not yours. It is "academic dishonesty" to use what someone else thought, wrote, or created and claim that it is yours. The purpose of research is to discover these ideas, to learn about topics you did not know, and to improve your discovery skills. Once you have done this research, you give credit by correctly citing the resources you have used to gather the information. This is not open for discussion, this is what you must do when you do a research paper.
Will your paper be one giant endnote? Probably! What, at this point, are you an expert at? What do you know independently of anyone else? What have you created? This is why your assignment is a RESEARCH PAPER! The content of your paper or project has been pulled together from a variety of sources, that is research! We do not expect high school students to be experts in any subject. We expect high school students to learn about their topics through research, class, and study. The time may come when what you create will be quoted by students doing research. Right now, however, is not that time.!
Through research, the student is able to pull together various authors', or experts' thoughts into one location; the student's research paper. Because this material was never placed together in one location before, endnotes are used to show which idea came from which author and in what order they appeared. Thus, one giant endnote!
You can check some of the "links" on the Library Media Center web site for information on how to correctly site resources you have used.